Lauren, Alfred, Alvaro, Drew


Summary:
-The Locarno treaty was signed in October 1925
-Most important part of Locarno Treaty was that Germany accepted its borders with France and Belgium as permanent and these borders were guaranteed by the UK AND Italy.
-Germany would also join the League of Nations
-This allowed Germany to be rehabilitated without posing a threat to Western Europe
-Results of the Locarno treaties were that Germany accepted the results of the First World War on her western borders but not in the east
-Sense of progress towards peace and a new relationship between the Allies and Germany was evident in the next few years (seemed to be proof that the First World War and its tensions had finally been resolved)
-However, League was not strengthened and idea of collective security remained uncertain in its practical application to meeting Europe’s long-term security needs
-Germany did not agree to accept her eastern border which is of great significance because this is where her worst grievances against the territorial settlement of Versailles were found
-Her continued cooperation with the USSR in the Treaty of Rapallo meant that she was continuing to evade the disarmament clauses of the treaty and also working with a country that wanted to redraw the map of Eastern Europe
-Charles Dawes was a prominent US businessman and public servant who gained a reputation for reforming the budget process in the United States. In 1923 Dawes was asked by the League of Nations to chair a committee on German reparations. The Dawes report was a very detailed analysis of the problem and contained a recommendation for the stabilization of the German economy and a more reasonable schedule for reparations payments. Awarded Nobel Peace Prize for his work
-Gustav Stresemann was a successful German businessman who first entered politics in 1907. He realized that Germany could not gain her goals by force, so he set out to improve her position after Versailles through diplomacy. He was elected chancellor in 1923 and brought an end to the economic crisis caused by the Ruhr occupation. As Foreign Minister he accepted the Dawes plan to reduce reparation, negotiated the Locarno Agreement and oversaw Germany’s entry in the League of Nations. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the Locarno negotiations.

Source Pages:
Source A - http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/locarno.htm primary source- October 16.1925
Source B - http://magpie118.tripod.com/History/Locarno_Conference_192515.htm terms of the locarno treaty, 1925
Source C - http://www.thenagain.info/WebChron/World/Locarno.CP.htm secondary source- 1998 by Smitha, Frank E. "Germany, Hitler
Source D - http://www.jiffynotes.com/a_study_guides/book_notes_add/eawr_0001_0003_0/eawr_0001_0003_0_00565.html
Source E (picture only) - http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/olympics/detail.php?content=remilitarization&lang=en by Jerry Doyle, “The Watch on the Rhine,” The Philadelphia Record, March 10, 1936

Questions:
  1. According to Source C, what problem did the Locarno Conference create for Europe?
  2. What message is portrayed in Source E?
  3. Compare and contrast the information in both Source B and Source D.
  4. With reference to the origin and purpose, asses the value and limitations of Source A and Source C for historians studying the Locarno Treaty.
  5. Using the historical sources and background knowledge, explain why, as Source D says that, "The Locarno agreements were the reflection of profoundly differing visions of European security and peace."