11. Civil rights and social movements in the Americas

This section focuses on the origins, nature, challenges and achievements of civil rights movements after 1945. Movements represented the attempts to achieve equality for groups that were not recognized or accepted as full members of society. The groups challenged established authority and entrenched attitudes.

  • Native Americans and civil rights: Latin America, the United States and Canada
  • African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement: origins, tactics and organizations; the US Supreme court and legal challenges to segregation in education; ending of the segregation in the South (1955-65)
  • Role of Dr Martin Luther King in the Civil Rights Movement; the rise of radical African American activism (1965-8): Black Panthers; Black Muslims; Black Power and Malcolm X
  • Role of governments in civil rights movements in the Americas
  • Youth culture and protests of the 1960s and 1970s: characteristics and manifestation of a counterculture
  • Feminist movements in the Americas